MMAE Seminar—Extrusion 3D-Printing: From Inks to Metal Microlattices



Retalliata Engineering Center, Room 104 10 West 32nd Street Chicago, IL 60616

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David Dunand

The MMAE department welcomes David Dunand, Ph.D., professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University, on February 5 to discuss "Extrusion 3D-Printing: From Inks to Metal Microlattices."


MMAE seminar

To create metallic scaffolds or microlattices with sub-millimeter strut architectures, we develop a new method, Extrusion 3D-Printing, consisting of two simple steps. First, metal oxide particle suspensions (inks) are extruded, in air and at ambient temperature, into linear struts creating self-supporting lattices. Second, the oxides are hydrogen-reduced to metal and sintered into dense metallic microlattices.  

We describe here micro-lattices made of pure metals – copper, iron, nickel or tungsten - created from inks consisting of the respective metal oxides. In all cases, thermochemical reduction and sintering of the 3D-printed oxide scaffolds results in large shrinkages (up to 80% by volume) but without cracking or distortion, as investigated via in-situ x-ray tomography.

We also demonstrate metallic alloys, using blends of oxides: Fe-20Ni-5Mo (a steel) and Co-Cr-Fe-Ni (a high-entropy alloy) and study, via in-situ x-ray diffraction, the interdiffusion resulting in homogenous alloys.  


David Dunand received a bachelor's and master's degree at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in materials engineering in 1986, and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991. After serving on the MIT faculty until 1997, he joined Northwestern University.

His research focuses on processing, structure and mechanical properties of metallic alloys, composites
and foams. Examples range from freeze-casts iron foams for batteries to selective-laser-melted aluminum scaffolds for light-weight structures, to creep- and oxidation-resistant Al-, Ni-, Co- and Fe-based alloys for engines and gas turbines. Dunand is a fellow of ASM International and a fellow of TMS (The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society).

His awards include the 2012 Materials Science and Engineering journal prize, the Distinguished
Scientist/Engineering Award for the structural materials division of TMS, and two departmental “Teacher of the Year” awards at Northwestern.

Dunand is co-Founder of NanoAl, LLC, a start-up company developing high-strength, high-temperature aluminum alloys, recently acquired by Braidy Industries.


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