MMAE Seminar by Nikhil Gupta—Enabling Future Manufacturing: Additive Manufacturing, Machine Learning, and Cybersecurity

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Armour College of Engineering’s Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering will welcome Nikhil Gupta, a professor in the mechanical and aerospace engineering department at New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering, to present a lecture, “Enabling Future Manufacturing: Additive Manufacturing, Machine Learning, and Cybersecurity.”

The virtual seminar will take place on Tuesday, January 25, 2022, from 12:45–1:45 p.m. Contact Elena Magnus at magnus@iit.edu for the seminar details and a link to join.

Abstract

The scalable, reliable, and resilient future manufacturing systems will be based on additive manufacturing (AM), sensors, and machine learning. Many industrial parts have been redesigned using optimization and machine learning methods to save weight and improve functionality, and are manufactured by the additive manufacturing methods. AM has enabled manufacturing of such designs. Ideally, the entire digital manufacturing system, from the product design to manufacturing and qualification phases, can be built on the same platform. However, implementation of such a vision requires many scientific and technological advancements. This talk will introduce the principles of composite material design for additive manufacturing and the use of machine learning methods for detection and quantification of defects. The characterization of soft materials is a challenging task, which are of interest for soft robotics and flexible electronics applications. The current test methods for soft materials mostly provide frequency domain properties, which have limited utility. The specific challenges in obtaining time domain elastic constants will be discussed. Finally, the machine learning methods used for materials design and characterization present a challenge that the same algorithms can be used to reverse engineer the part design and tool path. Novel cybersecurity methods need to become an integral part of the future manufacturing systems to protect from sabotage and intellectual property theft.

Biography

Nikhil Gupta is a professor in the mechanical and aerospace engineering department at New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering. He is also affiliated with Center for Cybersecurity. His research interests include developing lightweight materials, additive manufacturing, and materials characterization methods. His research on additive manufacturing security is supported by the National Science Foundation, Secure America Institute, and industry. He is currently serving on editorial boards of Materials Science and Engineering A and Materials Processing and Characterization journals. Gupta has seven issued United States patents and has authored more than 220 journal papers and book chapters, which have been cited more than 10,000 times. He has served as the membership secretary of the American Society for Composites and chair of the Composite Materials Committee of the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society.

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