Arlen C. Moller

  • Associate Professor of Psychology
  • Undergraduate Program Director

Arlen Moller received his Ph.D. in Social and Personality Psychology from the University of Rochester (2007) in Rochester, NY. Following the completion of his graduate training, he was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Gettysburg College in Gettysburg, PA from 2007 through 2009. Dr. Moller was a full time Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at Northwestern University from 2009 through 2012, and maintained a secondary faculty appointment there through 2018. In August 2012, Dr. Moller joined the Illinois Institute of Technology as an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology.

His research is focused on applying and advancing theories related to behavioral health and wellness. This often involves leveraging principles from social psychology and human motivation, as well as game design, financial incentives, social networks, and technology. Recent work has involved encouraging people to exercise more in ways that are more meaningful, more social, fun, and sustainable.

One defining feature of Dr. Moller’s past research has involved seeking out and coordinating team collaborations, often with colleagues from disciplines outside of psychology (e.g., in design, engineering, computer sciences, and informational technology and management). More information and training tools for cross-disciplinary researchers can be found at TeamScience.net, a suite of online learning modules co-developed by Dr. Moller in collaboration with Drs. Bonnie Spring and Holly Falk-Krzesinski.

Recently Taught Courses

Illinois Institute of Technology
Intro to Psychology (Spring 2013, 2014)
Social Psychology (Fall 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
Graduate-level Social Basis of Behavior (Fall 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
Intro to Professional Psychology II (Spring 2014, 2015)
The Psychological Science of Money (Spring 2015, 2017)
Gun Violence, Psychology, and Public Health (Fall 2018, 2019)

Gettysburg College
Basic Dynamics in Personality (Fall 2007, 2008, Spring 2008)
Advanced Social and Personality Psychology (Fall 2007, 2008)
Introduction to Psychology (Spring 2008)

University of Rochester
Human Motivation & Emotion (Summer 2002, Spring2007)
Introduction to Psychology (Summer 2004)
Writing about Motivation (Fall 2005, Spring 2006)

Education

Ph.D., University of Rochester (2007)
B.A., Cornell University (2000)

Research Interests

Human motivation, behavioral health, and wellness

Financial incentives

Social networks and social support

Technology (e.g., wearable activity trackers)

Game design

Habit formation

Advancing theories related to behavioral health and wellness

Death reflection

Gun violence

Publications

Journal Articles

  1. Elliot, A. J., & Moller, A. C. (2003). Performance-approach goals: Good or bad forms of regulation? International Journal of Educational Research, 39,339-356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2004.06.003
  2. Moller, A. C., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Self-determination theory and public policy: Improving the quality of consumer decisions without using coercion. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 25, 104-116. https://doi.org/10.1509/jppm.25.1.104
  3. Deci, E. L., La Guardia, J. G., Moller, A. C., Scheiner, M. J., & Ryan, R. M. (2006). On the benefits of giving as well as receiving autonomy support: Mutuality in close friendships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,32, 313-327. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167205282148
  4. Cury, F., Elliot, A. J., Da Fonseca, D., & Moller, A. C. (2006). The social-cognitive model of achievement motivation and the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,90, 666-679. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.90.4.666
  5. Moller, A. C., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2006). Choice & ego-depletion: A self-determination theory perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32,1024-1036. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167206288008
  6. Elliot, A. E., Maier, M., Moller, A. C., Friedman, R., & Meinhardt, J. (2007). Color and psychological functioning: The effect of red on performance attainment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136, 154-168. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.136.1.154
  7. Moller, A. C., Forbes-Jones, E., Hightower, A. D, & Friedman, R. (2008). The influence of preschool classroom sex composition: Boys fare worse in preschool classrooms with more boys. Early Childhood Research Quarterly,23, 409-418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2008.05.001
  8. Moller, A. C., Forbes-Jones, E., Hightower, A. D. (2008). Classroom age-composition and developmental change in 70 urban classrooms. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100,741-753. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013099
  9. Moller, A. C., Elliot, A. J., Friedman, R. (2008). When competence and love are at stake: Achievement goals and perceived closeness to parents in an achievement context. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1386-1391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2008.05.005
  10. Moller, A. C., Elliot, A. J., & Maier, M. (2009). Basic hue-meaning associations. Emotion, 9, 898-902. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017811
  11. Deci, E. L., Friedman, R., Elliot, A. J., Moller, A. C., & Aarts, H. (2010). Motivational synchronicity: Priming motivational states via exposure to others. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 34-38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-009-9151-3
  12. Moller, A. C., & Deci, E. L. (2010). Interpersonal control, dehumanization, and violence: A self-determination theory perspective. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13,41-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430209350318
  13. Moller, A. C., Deci, E. L., & Elliot, A. J. (2010). Person-level relatedness and the incremental value of relating. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 754-767.https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167210371622
  14. Knudson, B., Moller, A. C., Spring, B. (2010). How to catalyze learning in the online environment. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39(S1), 1001.
  15. Moller, A. C., McFadden, H.G., DeMott, A., Roehrig, M, Spring, B.(2010). Patient preferences in health behavior change. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39(S1),2061.
  16. Spring, B., Schneider, K., McFadden, H.G., Vaughn, J., Kozak, A. T., Smith, M., Moller, A. C., Epstein, L., Russell, S., DeMott, A., & Hedeker, D. (2010). Make Better Choices (MBC) Study Design: An RCT Testing Optimal Technology-Supported Change in Multiple Diet and Physical Activity Risk Behaviors. BMC Public Health, 10, 586. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-10-586
  17. Meier, B. P., Moller, A. C.,Chen, J., & Riemer-Peltz, M. H. (2011). Embodied real estate: North-South location biases housing preference and pricing. Social Psychological and Personality Science,2(5), 547-553.https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550611401042
  18. Diehl, J. J., Wolf, J., Herlihy, L., & Moller, A. C. (2011). Seeing red: Are colors a window into implicit societal conceptions of the autism spectrum?Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 31(3).
  19. Spring, B., Moller, A. C., Coons, M. (2012). Multiple health behaviours: Overview and implications. Journal of Public Health, 34(S1),i3-i10. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdr111
  20. Liu, K., Daviglus, M., Loria, C., Colangelo, L., Spring, B., Moller, A. C., & Lloyd-Jones, D. (2012). Healthy lifestyle through young adulthood and presence of low cardiovascular disease risk profile in middle age. Circulation, 125, 996-1003. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.060681
  21. Moller, A.C., McFadden, H. G., Hedeker, D., Spring, B. (2012). Financial motivation undermines maintenance in an intensive diet and activity intervention. Journal of Obesity, 2012, 1-8, https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/740519, PMC3323849
  22. Spring, B., Schneider, K., McFadden, H. G., Vaughn, J., Kozak, A. T., Smith, M., Moller, A. C., Epstein, L. H., DeMott, A., Hedeker, D., Siddique, J., Lloyd-Jones, D. M. (2012). Multiple behavior changes in diet and activity: A randomized controlled trial using mobile technology. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(10), 789-796.https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2012.1044
  23. Pellegrini, C. A., Duncan, J. M., Moller, A. C.,Buscemi, J., Sularz, A., DeMott, A., Pictor, A., Pagoto, S., Siddique, J., & Spring, B. (2012). A Smartphone-Supported Weight Loss Program: Design of the ENGAGED Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-1041
  24. Moller, A. C.,Buscemi, J., McFadden, H. G., Hedeker, D., & Spring, B. (2014). Financial motivation undermines potential enjoyment in an intensive diet & activity intervention. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37, 819-827. PMID: 24142187, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-013-9542-5
  25. Spring, B., Moller, A. C.,Colangelo, L., Siddique, J., Roehrig, M., Daviglus, M., Polak, J. F., Reis, J. P., Sidney, S., Liu, K. (2014). Healthy lifestyle change and subclinical atherosclerosis in young adults: Coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) Study. Circulation, 130,10-17. PMID: 24982115, https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.005445
  26. Moller, A. C., Majewski, S., Standish, M., Agarwal, P., Podowski, A., Carson, R., Eyesus, B., Shah, A., & Schneider, K. L. (2014). Augmented fantasy sports: Rationale and feasibility of leveraging online fantasy sports to promote physical activity. Journal of Internet Medical Research Serious Games, 4,e13. https://doi.org/10.2196/games.3691
  27. Poncela-Casasnovas, J., Spring, B., McClary, D., Moller, A. C., Mukogo, R., Pellegrini, C. A., Coons, M. J., Davidson, M, Mukherjee, S., Amaral, L. A. N. (2015). Social embeddedness in an online weight management program is linked to greater weight loss. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 12(104). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.0686
  28. Moller, A. C., Merchant, G., Conroy, D., West, R., Hekler, E., Kuglar, K., Michie, S. (2017). Applying and advancing behavior change theories and techniques in the context of digital health interventions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 85-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9818-7
  29. Kao, A. C., Jager, A., Koenig, B., Moller, A. C., Tutty, M.,Williams, G. C., Wright, S. (2018). Physician perception of pay fairness and its association with work satisfaction, intent to leave current practice, and personal health. Journal of General Internal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-017-4303-8
  30. Moller, A. C., Roth, G., Niemiec, C. P., Kanat-Maymon, Y., & Deci, E. L. (2018). Mediators of the associations between parents’ conditional regard and the quality of their adult-children’s peer relationships. Motivation & Emotion, 43, 35-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-018-9727-x
  31. Keeny, J. Schneider, K., &Moller, A. C. (2019). Lessons learned during the development of an asynchronous, active video game intervention: Moving fantasy sports from sedentary to active. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 41, 200-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.12.003
  32. Moller, A. C., Jager, A. J., Williams, G. C., & Kao, A. C. (2019). U.S. physicians' work motivation and their occupational health: A national survey of practicing physicians. Medical Care, 57, 334-340.https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0000000000001101
  33. Moller, A. C., & Sheldon, K. M. (2019). Athletic scholarships are negatively associated with intrinsic motivation for sports, even decades later: Evidence for long-term undermining.Motivation Science.https://doi.org/10.1037/mot0000133
  34. Moller, A. C., Ntoumanis, N., & Williams, G. C. (2019). Financial incentives may influence health behaviors, but do we end up with less than we paid for? A self-determination theory perspective. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53(11), 939–941. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz038

 

CHAPTERS AND INVITED ENTRIES

  1. Deci, E. L., & Moller, A. C. (2005). The concept of competence: A starting place for understanding intrinsic motivation and self-determined extrinsic motivation (pp. 579-597). In A. Elliot & C. Dweck (Eds.) Handbook of Competence Motivation, New York: Plenum Press.
  2. Moller, A. C., Friedman, R., & Deci, E. L. (2006). A self-determination theory perspectives on the interpersonal and intrapersonal aspects of self-esteem. In M. H. Kernis (Ed.), Self-Esteem Issues and Answers: A Sourcebook of Current Perspectives, Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
  3. Moller, A. C., & Elliot, A. J. (2006). The 2 x 2 achievement goal framework: An overview of empirical research (pp. 307-326). In A. V. Mitel (Ed.), Focus on Educational Psychology Research, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  4. Moller, A. C., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2007). Self-determination theory (p. 806-810). In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology, Vol. 2, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  5. Moller, A. C., & Deci, E. L. (2007). Control (p. 182-185). In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology, Vol. 1, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  6. Moller, A. C. (2009). [Review of the book Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology]. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28 (6), 796-798.
  7. Friedman, R., Moller, A. C., Fryer, J. W., Zahn, I., Law, W., Acuff, R. D., Niesta, D., Murayama, K., Meier, A. M., Jelstad, B., & Elliot, A. J. (2009). Achievement goals in the context of the hierarchical model of approach-avoidance achievement motivation. In S. Karabenick & A. Kaplan (Eds.), Culture, Self, and Motivation: Essays in Honor of Martin L. Maehr. NY: Information Age Publishers.
  8. Moller, A. C., & Elliot, A. E. (2009). Competence (p. 121-122). In D. Matsumoto (Ed.), In Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  9. Moller, A. C., Meier, B. P., & Wall, R. W. (2010). Developing an experimental induction of flow: Effortless action in the lab (p. 191-204). In B. J. Bruya (Ed.), Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action, Boston, MA: MIT Press.
  10. Hesse, B.W. (2011). COALESCE (CTSA Online Assistance for Leveraging the Science of Collaborative Effort). JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 306,1925-1926. This is a review of the TeamScience.net online training tool developed by Spring, B., Moller, A. C., and Falk-Krzesinski, H. J.
  11. Spring, B., Moller, A. C., Falk-Krzesinski, H. J., & Hall, K. L. (2012). An emerging science and praxis for research and practice teams (Editorial; Special Issue Guest Editors). Translational Behavioral Medicine, 2(4),411-414.
  12. Spring, B., Pictor, A., DeMott, A., Ferguson, M., & Moller, A. C. (2013). Research to practice translation. In M. D. Gellman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine, Boston MA: Springer Press.
  13. Moller, A. C.,& Spring, B. (2013). What to do when near-term rewards mask long-term consequences. Interview by Paul Terry. American Journal of Health Promotion, 27(4). PMID: 23570063
  14. Moller, A. C., Waters, E. A., & Hay, J. L. (2013). Financial incentives in behavioral medicine: A complex issue. Society of Behavioral Medicine, Outlook. Fall 2013. http://www.sbm.org/outlook/1013/articles.php?article=10
  15. Moller, A. C., & Deci, E. L. (2014). Intrinsic Motivation (p. 3378-3381). In A. C. Michalos (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research, Springer Press, Dordrecht, Netherlands. ISBM# 978-94-007-0752-8
  16. Moller, A. C., & Deci, E. L. (2014). The psychology of getting paid: An integrated perspective (pp.189-211). In E. H. Bijleveld & H. Aarts (Eds.), The psychological science of money, New York, NY: Springer Press.
  17. Ryan, R. M. & Moller, A.C. (2017). Competence as a necessary but not sufficient condition for high quality motivation: A self-determination theory perspective. In A. Elliot, C. Dweck, & D. Yeager (Eds.) Handbook of Competence Motivation (2nd Edition, pp. 214-231), New York: Guilford Press.
  18. Maher, K., Moller, A. C., & Raja, S. (2019). Leading the narrative: How do researchers and clinicians discuss gun violence? Society of Behavioral Medicine, Outlook, Fall 2019.  https://www.sbm.org/publications/outlook/issues/fall-2019/leading-the-narrative-how-do-researchers-clinicians-discuss-gun-violence/

  19. Miller, J. L., Paciga, K. A., Kocurek, C. A., & Moller, A. C. (2019). Editorial: Interactive Digital Technologies and Early Childhood. Frontiers in Psychology: Human-Media Interaction