Type of Individual Job Offer Requirement Labor Certification Requirement
EB-1A Extraordinary Ability Small percentage of those who have risen to the very top of their field of endeavor, as shown by sustained national or international acclaim None; individual can self-petition None
EB-1B Outstanding Professor or Researcher Internationally recognized as outstanding in the academic field; has at least three years of teaching or research experience in the field Must have offer of tenured or tenured-track teaching or permanent* research position None
EB-2 Advanced Degree Holder Holds a degree above a bachelor’s degree, which is required for the job offered Must have offer of a permanent* full-time position that requires an advanced degree or its equivalent Standard labor certification required; special handling procedures** available to college/university teachers
EB-2 Exceptional Ability in the Science, Arts, or Business Has at least 10 years of experience in the field, with expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered in the sciences, arts, or business Must have offer of a permanent* full-time position Standard labor certification required
National Interest Waiver EB-2 With a National Interest Waiver, no job offer or labor certification is required if it is established that an exemption from those requirements would be in the national interest
EB-3 Professional or Skilled Worker Has at least a bachelor’s degree in a specific field of endeavor (professional) or has at least two years of specific education, training, or experience (skilled worker) Must have offer of a permanent full-time position that requires either a specific bachelor’s degree or two years of specific training or experience Standard labor certification required
EB-2 or EB-3 Schedule A Group I Individual who is trained and licensed either as a physical therapist or a professional nurse Must have offer of a permanent* position as a physical therapist or professional nurse None; must include completed ETA 9089 with United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
E-2 or E-3 Schedule A Group II Individual has exceptional ability in the sciences or arts with widespread acclaim and international recognition and has been practicing their science or art for at least one year prior to application Must have an offer of permanent* employment that requires an individual of exceptional ability in addition to the normal EB-2 or EB-3 minimum education, training, and experience requirements None; must include completed ETA 9089 with United States Citizenship and Immigration Service

*A permanent position is one that is non-temporary and currently budgeted.

**Special handling for faculty requires the labor certification to be filed within 18 months of the job offer.